Other concerns during adolescence
Hypothetical deductive reasoning:
Adolescents, thinking becomes more systematic & logical in solving problems. They think of possible courses of action, why something is happening the way it is, and seek solutions. For example a conflict arises between friends, s/he identifies the problem. and plans for the solution by evaluating the outcome.
Adolescents believe that others are as preoccupied with them as they are about themselves. They imagine that people are always noticing them and are observing each & every behavior of theirs. For example a boy who has spikes, is very much cautious about his hair and a girl who uses make-up, might feel that everyone is looking at her.
Adolescents' sense of uniqueness makes them think that no one understands them or their feelings. For example an adolescent thinks that he has a lot to study, but his parents/teachers don't empathize with her/him nor understand her/his difficulties. To retain their sense of personal uniqueness they might create stories with fantasies around them. These fables are part of their lifestyle.
As adolescents become obsessed with their own bodies, it leads to disorders like
i. Anorexia nervosa:
It involves intense focus on thinness through starvation. For example an adolescent girl might decrease the quantity of rice/vegetables in her diet, to reduce her weight, as her favorite actress too maintains size zero. Such activities might lead to anorexia nervosa.
ii. Bulimia nervosa:
The individual with this disorder follows binge & purge eating pattern. The adolescent goes on excessive eating (binge) then purges by self-induced vomiting.
Eating disorders are more common in girls than boys. Parents can help children with this disorder by seeking support from a psychologist.